Inspection and Testing
MarsKeel Technology is continuing to expand our ability to offer world leading products through an increased envelope of testing, material and positional tests. The following describes the available testing and assurances that we can offer the customer, builder and designer. All of our tests or checks are performed by accredited or certified professionals and companies. Therefore, full documentation is prepared for each test. Not all of these processes need to be employed on any project. The amount and scope of testing is left up to the designer, builder or engineer. We have completed projects that were certified by Lloyds Register, or RINA, that utilize all of the processes offered.
Ultasonic Testing (UT)
Ultrasonic Testing (UT) can be done to certify that raw material, such as plate steel, is free of inclusions or laminations, as well as inspection of weld joints in fabrications. In UT, very short ultrasonic pulse-waves are launched into materials to detect internal flaws or to characterize materials.
Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI)
Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) is a non-destructive testing (NDT) process for detecting surface and subsurface discontinuities in ferrous materials. The presence of a surface or subsurface discontinuity in the material allows the magnetic flux to lead. If an area of flux leakage is present, the particles will be attracted to this area. The particles will build up to the area of leakage and form what is known as an indication. The indication can then be evaluated to determine what it is, what may have caused it and what action should be take, if any.
Dye Penetrant Inspection (DPI)
Dye Penetrant Inspection (DPI) can be done to confirm that a cast part is free of inclusions that are not readily visible. DPI, also called Liquid Penetrant Inspection (LPI) or Penetrant Testing (PT), is a widely applied and low-cost inspection method used to locate surface-breaking defects in all nonporous materials (metals, plastics or ceramics). LPI is used to detect casting and forging defects, cracks and leaks in new products and fatigue crack on inservice components.
The X-Ray testing method is employed to determine, for example, if a part meets the integrity standard required for a casting. Class 1-5, commercial to nuclear. Radiographic Testing (RT), or industrial radiography, is a nondestructive testing (NDT) method of inspecting materials for hidden flows using the ability of short wavelength electromagnetic radiation (high energy photons) to penetrate various materials.
If required by the required production methods and techniques, ie. casting, the material can be checked using samples, coupons, of the work tested to failure point. These tests can confirm UTS, UYS and Charpy Impact strength. Such work would include weld joints, coupons from cast parts.
If required, generally but not exclusively used in cast parts, through the testing and analysis of certified coupons, the chemistry of the part can be confirmed. The micro structure of the material can also be confirmed through related tests, microstructure evaluation.
If requested, any used materials have a mill test report supporting the required properties from the offered drawings. Examples: rod material used in keel bolts.
If required by the necessary tolerances, any part, such as a complex fabricated fin, can be inspected using the Faro Arm to define its positional accuracy. This is generally done before machining. Measuring directly against CAD data with a measurement arms lets the operator see real-time deviations from nominal. The maximum precision of the arm is 0.016 mm (0.0006″), often more accurate and consistent than conventional measurement methods (calipers, micrometers, etc.) or traditional CMMs use a measurement arm to digitize a part or object to create fully-surfaced CAD model. This model is then compared to the offered IGES or STEP file of the keel or fin to ensure positioning and shape.